Federal State Autonomous Educational Institution of Higher Education "Belgorod National Research University"

On the History of Ancient Routes in Central Asia

U. M. Mavlanov
National University of Uzbekistan

B. Zh. Eshov
Karshi State University (Uzbekistan)

This paper considers issues relating to the emergence of ancient routes of communication in Central Asia. The authors specify the location of roads of regional and transregional significance in the Bronze Age. They categorize the natural and economic factors that led to the migration of the peoples of Central Asia, which contributed to the establishment and development of the first economic ties of this region with India, Iran, Mesopotamia, and China. As part of their work they chart routes through the Urals and around the Volga. They also determine the location of main routes of migration in Central Asia.

Keywords: early routes, migration routes, Central Asia, Bactria, Khorezm, Sogdiana, Oks, Amudarya, Lapis Lazuli Road

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